Aproximacion Aeropuerto de la Cd. de Mexico

En esta sección les mostraremos el procedimiento para realizar una correcta aproximacion al aeropuerto de la ciudad de Mexico.

First of, Mexico City is a fascinating capital that beguiles its visitors with endless options. One of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, with 16 boroughs and more than 300 neighborhoods, it might seem a bit overwhelming to the first-time visitor, though it doesn’t have to be. Many of the most visited tourist attractions in Mexico City are concentrated in the historic center, including the Plaza de la Constitucion or Zocalo, the National Palace, Metropolitan Cathedral, Templo Mayor, Palace of Fine Arts and Alameda Park. A few blocks north of the Palace of Fine Arts, Plaza Garibaldi is one of the best places in Mexico City to hear live mariachi music.

Benito Juárez International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez), (IATA: MEX, ICAO: MMMX) is a commercial airport that serves Mexico City, the capital and biggest city in Mexico. It is Mexico’s busiest airport by both passenger traffic and aircraft movements and is Latin America’s second busiest airport by passenger traffic after Guarulhos Airport in São Paulo, Brazil. Also is the busiest airport by aircraft movements.

As of 2013, the airport connects 51 domestic and 50 international destinations in Latin America, North America, Europe and Asia. In the Virtual World, there are no exception to this: Mexico City Airport is the most visited airport in Mexico by many members of the VATSIM WORLDWIDE Community: VA’s, groups or individual pilots. It is one of the most challenging airports in the world. Mexico City with its challenging arrivals due to heavy traffic, changing weather conditions, high airport elevation, surrounded by rough terrain and on a geographical location – embedded at the bottom of a valley; make it a “real challenge” no matter what your Simmer experience is. Because of it, at VATMEX, we have developed these video tutorials (English and Spanish) and Pilot Briefing (English) aim so you can better enjoy your ON-LINE flying experience while flying into Mexico City Airport – MMMX.

Have a safe flight.

WELCOME TO MEXICO !!!

Ingles

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ARRIVAL/DEPARTURE

1. High Density Altitude Use caution due to degraded engine thrust, longer engine spool-up times, and higher true airspeed on takeoff and landing.

2. Map Shift Potential Inaccurate location of navaids can result in map shifts and unreliable LNAV. When below FL240, back up LNAV with raw data.

3. Terrain Hazards Very high terrain surrounds the airport.
Be alert to terrain hazards when off airways below FL210 within 40NM of MEX

4. Maximum Airspeeds
• 200 knots below 10,000 feet within 10 NM of MEX
• 250 knots below 18,000 feet within 30 NM of MEX

5. Preferred Runways Preferred runways are 05L/R

6. Runway Incursion Use caution when proceeding between ramp and runway
05R/05L. Ensure clearance is received to cross 05L/23R

ARRIVAL

1. ATC
Expectinstructions to contact Mexico Terminal descending through FL300, Mexico Approachdescending through FL200 and Mexico Final Approach when within 20 NM of the field.

2. Visibility Plan for an instrument approach due to restricted visibility from haze and smoke.

3. False Localizer Lock-on Localizer interceptions may result in a false lock-on delay arming LOC or APP until within lead radials. Crosscheck FMS and raw data.

4. Mexico City has an extremely high density altitude.
Caution should be exercised during abnormal operations requiring large abnormal Vref additives to achieve target speeds

5. ILS 05R Approach Clearance for this approach is normally from Mateo (SMO). Expect to cross SMO at or below 12000ft then intercept the 16 radial outbound of SMO, once established on the outbound radial descend to ft to cross DME of SMO then start a left turn descending to 8800ft to intercept the ILS runway 05R.
Prevailing winds, higher true airspeeds exceeding 160 knots at SMO, and the sharp turn to final may result in overshooting the final approach course.

Recommendation: start configuring to final approach configuration and speed no later than 5 DME south of SMO. Turn to intercept the localizer at the lead-in radial to prevent overshoots. Visual cues during the approach are deceptive and may be diminished due to poor visibility. Late descents from SMO can result in steep finals. Additionally, the illusion created by the long displaced threshold causes a tendency to fly below glideslope.

6. Side-step Approach Expect last minute clearance to side-step and land on the parallel runway

7. Low Level Windshear Calm or light wind conditions may indicate the presence of a 10 to 20 knot airspeed variation of 50 to 100 feet, particularly on the approach to runway 05L/R.

DIVERSION AIRPORTS

Name Bearing Distance Runway Length Approach
MLM/MMMM Morelia 283° 113 05/23 11,155’ VOR
ACA/MMAA Acapulco 187° 165 10/28 10,827’ ILS
VER/MMVR Veracruz 088° 165 18/36 7874’ VOR